Andrew Jackson storyboard

Andrew Jackson storyboard

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  • Jackson's Early Life : I
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  • Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaw settlement, a community of Scotch-Irish immigrants along the border between North and South Carolina. Though his birthplace is in dispute, he considered himself a South Carolina native. His father died before his birth and Andrew's mother and her three small boys moved in with her Crawford relatives. The Revolutionary War ended Jackson's childhood and wiped out his remaining immediate family. Fighting in the Carolina backcountry was especially savage, a violent conflict of ambushes, massacres, and sharp skirmishes. Jackson's oldest brother Hugh enlisted in a patriot regiment and died at Stono Ferry, apparently from heatstroke. Too young for formal soldiering, Andrew and his brother Robert fought with American irregulars. In 1781, they were captured and contracted smallpox, of which Robert would die. While trying to retrieve some nephews from a British prison ship, Andrew's mother also fell ill and died.
  • Jackson's Early Life : II
  • After refusing to shine the boots of a British officer, young Andrew Jackson was slashed with a sword across the hand and face leaving a scar that he would carry for the rest of his life. An orphan and a hardened veteran at the age of fifteen. While the War of 1812 was being fought in the East, Indian hostilities brought Jackson's back into the military. At Fort Mims in Mississippi Territory (now southern Alabama), warlike Creeks were known as "Red Sticks" had overwhelmed and slaughtered more than four hundred whites. Jackson led a force of Tennesseans and allied Indians deep into the Creek homeland, where he fought a series of engagements. After this striking success as a militia commander, Jackson was commissioned a United States major general in May 1814 and given command of the southern frontier during the War of 1812.
  • When the votes were tallied from across the nation, Andrew Jackson had won the most popular votes as well as electoral votes. In the Electoral College tabulations, John Quincy Adams came in second, Crawford third, and Henry Clay finished fourth. The US Constitution dictates that a candidate needs to win a majority in the Electoral College this means that someone has to have more than 50% of the Electoral College to win. So the election had to be decided by the House of Representatives. In an odd twist, the one man who would have a huge advantage in the House of Representatives voting, the Speaker of the House Henry Clay, was automatically eliminated. The Constitution said only the top three candidates could be considered. Henry Clay Supported John Quincy Adams, Became Secretary of State . John Quincy Adams invited Henry Clay to visit him at his residence and the two men spoke for several hours. It is unknown whether they reached some sort of deal, but suspicions were widespread. On February 9, 1825, the House of Representatives held its election, in which each state delegation would get one vote. Henry Clay had made it known that he was supporting Adams, and thanks to his influence, Adams won the vote and was thus elected president. 
  • The Corrupt Bargain
  • Indian Removal Act
  • In 1830 Ross and the Cherokee took the audacious step of trying to retain their lands by suing the state of Georgia. The case eventually went to the U.S. Supreme Court, in Worcester vs. Georgia, Chief Justice John Marshall, while avoiding the central issue, ruled in favor of the Native Americans being able to stay on their land. His ruling stated, “that the states could not assert control over the Indian tribes”. According to legend, President Jackson scoffed when he heard the ruling and said “John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it." Jackson sent the United States military into Georgia to forcibly remove the Native Americans.
  • Trail Of Tears. The Trail of Tears is named for a particular reason because the Indian tribes we're being forced out of their homes, Many of the natives died along the of the trails 1000 miles to the west.
  • The Nullification crisis. The Nullification was crisis was angered by the Southerns because it only benefited the people from the north thus making the people from the south infuriated. when the Southerns payed taxes but the Northerns didn't .
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