" A poor excuse for picking a man's pocket every twenty-fifth of December! " said Scrooge, buttoning his greatcoat to the chin. "But I suppose you must have the whole day. Be here all the earlier next morning." The theme starts out with describing who Scrooge is, which sets the tone that Scrooge is a mean, grumpy person who wants no fun and cheer. He is rude to everyone, even his clerk who just wants a day off! When the clerk gets the day off, Scrooge says the be extra early the next day.
"Why did I walk through crowds of fellow beings with my eyes turned down, and never raise them to that blessed Star which led the Wise Men to a poor abode? Were there no poor homes to which its light would have conducted me?" (628) The theme is that you must think of your actions and decisions, because it may affect your future. Marley regrets his decisions when he is dead because of the cost to his actions.
"I will honor Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all year. I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future. The Spirits of all three shall strive within me. I will not shut out the lessons that they teach. Oh, tell me I may sponge away the writing on this stone!"(663) The theme is that what you do now and your actions can change the future's outlook but you can change it if you change your actions and decisions.
"He was so fluttered and so glowing with his good intentions, that his broken voice would scarcely answer to his call." (666) The theme for the final stave is that happiness and liberality can go a long way and being happy is an amazing thing.
Throughout the story, the theme grows bigger that kindness and liberality can go along way and help the future glow with happiness.