The United States is not prepared for war. We will do nothing to aid neither France nor Great Britain! I announce the policy of neutrality.
The XYZ affairs
Stop the attacks!!!
We want tribute!!!
President Jefferson dealing with pirates
Oh no!! The pirates are attacking our ships. Go get them with all we've got!
George Washington created the policy of isolationism after becoming involved in the French and British war around 1793, which avoided any political or military agreements with other countries. It became the foundation of the U.S foreign policy.
The War of 1812
President Adams sent three envoys to France. Asking them to end the attacks on merchant ships. Three secret agents were sent by the foreign minister. They were later identified as X, Y, and Z. They said they would only stop if they received money as tribute, and the envoys refused.
The Battle of New Orleans
Another French and British war lead to more ships being seized. Pirates from Barbary states were ordered to attack American ships if Jefferson stopped paying tribute, and this leads to war. In 1805 Tripoli finally signed a peace treaty with the U.S. They paid a $60,000 ransom for a crew that had been captured.
The Monroe Doctrine
Trouble with Indians that were being helped and aided by the British lead to James Madison abandoning isolationism. Their plan was to drive the British out of Canada and make the northwestern frontier safer. The British forces, that had just won the war against France was too strong, and they attacked America very hard.
After the encounter in Canada, British commanders in New Orleans launched another invasion. American General Andrew Jackson had a large army of free African Americans, pirates, and Indians waiting for their attack. This battle was the greatest U.S victory of the war of 1812. When the battle was over, unfortunately a peace treaty with Great Britan had already been signed, and the battle was unnecessary.
PEACE TREATY ------ ------ ------
The Monroe Doctrine was a speech given by President James Monroe with the support of Great Britain after independence movements in Latin America, explaining to the European nations that the North and South nations were free and independent, and were not to be considered subjects for future colonization by any European power.