siddhartha Gautama is a hindu prince born in 563 BC. Siddartha's father is a king and because of this he finds a fortune teller who tells hime the future of his son, he tells him that he'll either be a king or a religious leader when he is older.
what is the purpose of life?
its an endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth
as siddartha grew older (young man) his father sheltered him from the poor and the sick and when ever siddartha left the palace his father would have guards to escort him
one day siddartha goes out one day to enjoy it, this is what people call the Four passing sights.His first sight was a old man leaning on a stick.2nd is a man shrunken by disease, 3rd was a man who died and 4th was a holy man who was homeless and possessed nothing who was content
after seeing the holy man he was determined to find the purpose of life by finding gurus to learn about life after he found out that life was just an endless cycle of life, death, and birth he decided to join a group of ascetics
after he fainted from not getting enough food he left the ascetics and meditated under a fig tree for 49 days. When doing this the god mara tried to get him to stop meditating at first the god offered him wealth after that didn't work mara started attacking siddartha by throwing rocks at him, he still meditated finally he reached enlightenment and had visions of his past life.
after this siddartha turned into the buddha and decided to stay on earth and went all around india for 45 years to share what he had learned, he had many followers telling people not to be selfish and to not have extreme self denial, he said to go middle way and do a little of both