The apartheid system in Africa pushed the segregation between of the white and black South Africans in education, wealth, and status.
A leader of the African National Congress, Nelson Mandela attempted to amend the Apartheid, but ended up being imprisoned instead.
F. W. de Klerk realized that changes had to be made to the current system, so he declared the release of Nelson Mandela. Although the process was long, de Klerk and Mandela's reforms abolished the apartheid and Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa.
China was industrializing heavily, but the government was mainly controlled by the CCP.
Pro-democratic movements occurred across the nation, but were forcefully silenced by force.
The rapid industrialization led to environmental issues. These issues led to protests, desertification, pollution, and anxiety among the people. It also led to the loss of drinkable water for the people.