The new nation had serious money problems. Judges ordered farmers to sell their farms to pay off their debts and taxes. Farmers were closing down courthouses to keep the judges from taking their farms, this is known as Shays Rebellion.
Shays rebellion led to the Congress calling for a Constitutional Convention.f many things, they talked about how states should be represented. One way, called The Virginia Plan, was to have 3 branches of government, 2 houses, representatives and senate, and states with more population would have more representatives in the house.
Another way, The New Jersey Plan, was having 3 branches of government, 1 house, and states with smaller populations each have a equal number of votes in congress. Roger Sherman came up with a idea called The Great Compromise. This was population based in the House of Representatives and equal representation in the Senate.
Then came the argument of slaves should be counted as part of the population. The south said yes and north said no. Then the birth of the 3/5 compromise came. This said that slaves are 3/5 of a person.