An Act To prohibit intoxicating beverages, and to regulate the manufacture, production, use, and sale of high- proof spirits for other than bevereage purposes, and to insure an ample supply of alcohol and promote its use in scientific research and in the development of fuel, dye, and other lawful industries.
Modern women of the 1920's were young, rebellious, fun-loving, and bold. They had short hair. They wore short dresses (to the knees),more makeup ( esp. lipstick). There attitudes changed and they began to smoke and drink in public.
One clash between the city and the farm was the passage of the 18th Amendment in 1920. This Amendment launched the ear known as Prohibition. Prohibited the making, selling, or transportation or alcohol. Made little difference to the wealthy. Reformers had long believed alcohol led to crime and other accidents.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
To obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went underground to hidden saloons known as speakeasies. Illegal liquor traffic is what led to the wealth of gangsters. They controlled speakeasies and private distribution systems. With the illegal liquor came: Graft, Extortion, Protection Rackets, and Prostitution.
The invention of the radio caused music to become more popular. Jazz artists like Louis Armstrong became popular. Famed composer George Gershwin merged traditional elements with American Jazz.
Born and raised in St. Paul, MN. Later met and married Zelda Sayre in 1920. That same year, he published "This Side of Paradise", which became an instant success and classic for him. He wrote "The Great Gatsby" during the summer and fall in Valescure. His wife suffered a series of breakdown and had to be hospitalized. He died believing that he was a failure.
Shorter working hours and higher wages gave Americans more spare time and more money for entertainment. The first radio station in Pittsburgh, PA in Nov. 1920- only news at first- baseball and music came later. Even before sound, movies offered a means of escape through romance and comedy.