Louis XIV was born on September 5, 1638, to King Louis XIII of France and his Habsburg queen, Anne of Austria
Immediately after assuming control of the government, Louis worked tirelessly to centralize and tighten control of France and its overseas colonies.
Louis built several lavish châteauxes that depleted the nation’s coffers while drawing accusations of extravagance.
In 1667 Louis XIV launched the War of Devolution (1667-1668), the first in a series of military conflicts that characterized his aggressive approach to foreign policy, by invading the Spanish Netherlands
Louis ordered the destruction of Protestant churches, the closure of Protestant schools and the expulsion of Protestant clergy
On September 1, 1715, four days before his 77th birthday, Louis XIV died of gangrene at Versailles. His reign had lasted 72 years, longer than that of any other known European monarch, and left an indelible mark on the culture, history and destiny of France.