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Plymouth Puritans and Pilgrims
Amirah Gipson 7th Period 9/14/2018
During the Salem Witch Trials,I was one of the HUNDREDS hung for being a "witch" and telling stories that were against the Puritan faith. Religious freedom is one of the many reasons why we started colines such as New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Conneticut. We wanted to create a faith that was still "pure" but not as strict.
One of the main problems we had here would be the geography. It was very cold, and plants don't grow very well in this type of weather. The soil was also VERY unhealthy. It was cracked, old looking, and was abundant with rocks. This was depriving the plants of the nutrients they naturally need. Because we arrived in Winter, we were struggling to find food and proper shelter at the time. This affected us drastically. Half of us died at this by the time spring arrived. After being taught how to capture animals and grow things such as corn and other crops, the colony was saved. By fall, we were able to celebrate Thanksgiving.
For the first few years of the colony, we struggled to pay back the Massechuttes Bay Company. But the fur trading was enough to help us get by. This soon became an essential part to our economy. Since the soil was to rocky and unfertile to support cash crops, we had small farms growing subsistence crops (or farming) to help aide us with vegetables to live on. In order to make a profit, we turned to the enviornmental features already provided to us. We used things such as the timber, whaling, and fishing industries. These industries helped us to have a stable economy despite our cold climate.
John Winthrop led aproximately 1000 of us and established the Massachuettes Bay Colony. He wanted to make our colony a model for other colonies. He gave a speech that mentioned the "city on a hill". When he said this, he meant that we were above the other colonies. He wanted us to have the most pure life possible. We called this the New England Way. We could only do three things a day: Read the bible, pray, and work. Not doing what you were told (these three things) made something like the Salem Witch Trials happen. Because of this strict religion, some of us (including me) left this colony to start others, including New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
What is the difference between Jamestown and Plymouth? One of the main differences between Jamestown and Plymouth would be the soil/area. Jamestown has the soil with abundant nutrients and Plymouth has the soil that is cracked and abundant with rocks. Another difference between the two would be the reason they came. At Plymouth, they came because they wanted to get away from religous persecution. But at Jamestown, they came becasue they thought thy were just going to get rich, claim their territiory, and leave. The reason for their stay is what affected the passenger list. At Plymouth, there were men AND women(mostly families or couples) but at Jamestown, there was only men. I think what contributed most to the difference was the setbacks. Jamestown's setback for food was disagreements, inexperience, and pure laziness. Other things that also contributed could have been disease and the lack of family provided at Jamestown. But working together was the PIlgrims and Puritans way of life! despite this fact, they were so plauged with hunger that they could not work, for they were to weak. Other things that cold have possibly prohibited them from working could have been the enviornment and dieseases. Overall, though they varied in different ways, both helped contribute to make the world the way it is today.
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