On September 1, 1939, German forces invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany. This led world War II to happen. The war prove to be even more horrendous than anyone had imagined.
Germans Defeated at Stalingrad
Italy declared war on France and attacked from the south; overrun and demoralized, France surrendered. On June 22,1940, Hitler forced French to sign the surrender documents in the same railroad car in which Germany had signed. Charles de Gaulle, these "free French" worked to liberate their homeland. Within France, resistance fighters used guerrilla tactics against German forces.
General Tojo ordered a surprise attack. On December 7, 1941, Japanese airplanes bombed the American Fleet at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The attack took the lives of about 2,400 people and destroyed battleships and aircraft. President Roosevelt asked the Congress to declare war on Japan; Germany and Italy, as Japan's allies, declared war on the United State.
The War's Aftermath
Give me ten years and you will not be able to recognize Germany.
Hitler aimed for the rich oil fields of the south but his troops only got as far as Stalingrad. The battle began when the Germans surrounded the city. Trapped, without food or ammunition with no hope or rescue, the German commander finally surrendered in January 1943. After the battle of Stalingrad, the Red Army took the offensive and drove the invaders out of the Soviet union entirely.
As Soviet troops fought their way into Berlin, Hitler committed suicide in his underground bunker; Germany surrendered on May 7. Because of the location of Germany and its allies, they had to fight on several fronts simultaneously.Allied bombing hindered German production. Oil became so scarce beacause of bombing that the Luftwaffe was almost grounded by the time of the D-Day invasion.
After World War I, the Allies faced difficult decisions about the future. "Give me ten years and you will not be able to recognize Germany," said Hitler in 1933. Germany in 1945 was an recognizable ruin; same goes with parts of Poland, the Soviet Union, Japan, China, and other countries. Over twenty million refugees wandered Europe.