comorbidity 2

comorbidity 2

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  • Now its time for your quiz!!
  •  Review    There are various types of mental disorders, such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Persons suffering from a mental disorder may also be affected by a secondary illness such as hypertension or diabetes. These are referred to as comorbid conditions - conditions which coexist, may have a causal relationship and can be financially challenging. Hence, a link between mental health and physical health is established. Patients with mental disorders may need to take specific drugs in order to reduce the symptoms of the disorder and help normal functionality. These drugs are called psychotropic drugs and include mood stabilizers, stimulants, anti-depressants and anti-psychotics.    Due to the prevalence of mental illnesses and the increasing knowledge of comorbid conditions, there is a need for advanced training of health care professionals and other personnel who comes into contact with individuals with mental and physical health needs. Support and empowerment for those diagnosed with mental disorders are also necessary facets. The implementation of better benefits and formulation of policies within the health care system are additionally paramount to maintaining a healthy society.
  • Mike, can you remember four types of psychotropic drugs. Miss said that we will be tested on them later
  • Definitely! They are AntidepressantsAntipsychoticsMood Stabilizersandummm....
  • Stimulants, Mike!
  • I hope I remember all of this
  • Psychotropic drugs such as antipsychotics help to lower the symptoms of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, allowing them to be more functional; however, they do not cure schizophrenia (Clarke, 2019). According to  Shaffer and Kipp (2007), stimulant drugs  help about 70% of children with ADHD. These drugs heighten body activities, increase energy levels and enhance focus (Santosh & Taylor, 2000). Mood stabilizers can be taken with antipsychotic drugs to help with symptoms of mania (Godlberg, 2018) and antidepressants can be used to modify one's brain chemistry to help with depression (Parekh, 2017)
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  • Comorbidity effects?
  • Genetics!Wait! does that mean I could get it from my mom?
  • Abnormal brain structure
  • YEA!!!!!!!!!!!!
  • Psychotropic medications are any medication capable of affecting the mind, emotions and behaviour (Shiel, n.d.).
  • Are all these drugs even healthy!?
  • I couldn't help but over hear your discussion, students. Kernesia, psychotropic drugs must be managed carefully. Each patient should be  administered drugs with an individualized approach  and given a personalized dosage regimen to ensure their safety (Ilyina, Pasynkova & Ziganshina, 2013). Remember other comorbid conditions must be accounted for.Now run along, it's almost time for your test!
  • According to Baron (2019), a psychotropic drugis a type of drug that changes the mood or emotion of an individual. It is used for the treatment of persons suffering from mental conditions such as depression, schizophrenia, bipolar and ADHD.
  • Awesome! Let us do a quick review before we begin.
  • We're ready, Miss! We got this!
  • There are many risk factors for bipolar disorder ranging from genetic to environmental factors including childhood emotional abuse and the degree of cannabis misuse (Rowland & Marwaha, 2018). Researchers also noted that bipolar is associated with comorbid disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and asthma.
  • According to Daniel Ingram's 2013 video, psychotropic drugs are also known as psycho active drugs. They are able to cross the blood brain barrier and directly affect the central nervous system. Older adults are more susceptible to these drugs because of metabolism change. Hence, great care must be observed in drug administration.
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