US History

US History

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  • Declaration of Independence
  • Separation of Powers
  • State
  • Federal
  • Articles of Confederation
  • The Declaration of Independence was a document that officially declared the 13 colonies independent from Great Britain. Two well known people that helped the Declaration of Independence come to were Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. The first person to sign the Declaration of Independence was John Hancock.
  • Three Branches of Government
  • Executive Branch:
  • President
  • In the beginning of the newly independent 13 states, state and federal powers were two very different things. Federal government had little to no power, while the state government had a lot of power. This was known as federalism. The federal government had little to no power because the citizens were nervous they would gain too much power, just like Britain had.
  • Constitutional Convention
  •  An agreement among the 13 states of the United States of America that was its first constitution.  It was approved by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, and was soon sent to the states for ratification. It started being enforced on March 1st, 1781 after it was ratified by all 13 states.
  • Bill of Rights
  • Simplified Bill of Rights 1. Freedom of speech, religion, press, and petition. 2. Right to bear arms. 3. No quartering on soldiers. 4. Freedom of unreasonable seize and search. 5. Guarantee to due process, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, eminent domain. 6. Trial by jury and rights of the accused; Confrontation Clause, speedy trial, public trial, right to counsel and right to a lawyer. 7. Right to a jury trial in federal civil court cases. 8. Guarantees that punishments will be fair and not cruel, and that extraordinary fines will not be set. 9. Other rights aside from those listed may exist, and just because they are not listed doesn't mean they can be violated. 10. Any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states
  • House of Representatives, House of Senate
  • In order to keep a balance of power, three branches of government were created that would "check" each other. These three branches were the Executive Branch (enforces laws), the Legislative Branch (make laws), and the judicial branch (interpret laws).
  • Legislative Branch:
  • Supreme Court
  • Judicial Branch:
  • The Constitutional Convention, which was held in Philadelphia, met between May and September of 1787 to discuss the problems of the weak central government that existed under the Articles of Confederation. This led to the creation and signing of the Constitution on September 17th, 1787.
  • The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments in the Constitution that helped bring Federalists and Anti-Federalists to agree on ratifying the Constitution. It achieves this by ensuring there is separation of powers between the three different government branches; the judicial, executive, and the legislative.
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