O, treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly! Thou mayst revenge—O slave! (3.3.17-18)
RL.1. Analyze a theme's development over the course of a text. Analyze how a theme emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details.
"Thou canst not say I did it. Never shake Thy gory locks at me." (3.4.50-51)
RL.2 Analyze what the text says explicitly. Analyze inferences drawn from the text. Cite specific and relevant textual evidence to support analyses.
Now, if you have a station in the file, Not i’ th’ worst rank of manhood, say ’t (3.1.101-102)
In Act 3 of the story of Macbeth many important events begin to take place. In the beginning, Banquo begins to doubt Macbeth's coming to power as he was there along with Macbeth when the three witches prophesied of his reign. Macbeth also begins to suspect that Banquo is suspicious of his rise to power and as a result, Macbeth hires three murderers to kill Banquo but because of the second prophesy issued by the witches, that Banquos descendants will become king, Macbeth tells the murderers to kill his son, Fleance, as well so he can prevent that prophesy. As depicted above, Macbeth's attempts are only half successful as the murders successfully vanquish Banquo but Fleance was able to flee and was given instruction by his father to avenge his death. Shortly after, one of the murderers come to Macbeth's feast to report on their success on the murder of Banquo and the escape of Fleance and after the murderer leaves, Macbeth finds the ghost of Banquo sitting in his chair and speaks to him though no one else in the room can see him. After lady Macbeth makes an excuse for her husband, the ghost appears again and triggers another outburst from Macbeth so lady Macbeth excuses their guests and talks to Macbeth in private and he says that he will talk to the three witches again for he will do anything necessary to keep his throne.
RL.4 Analyze the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings
Thanks for that. There the grown serpent lies. (3.4.28-29)
The play Macbeth has many different themes throughout its story. One of which, is Insanity is the result of a guilty conscience. This theme can be found throughout the entirety of the play. For example, In the beginning of the story Macbeth murders the king so that he can take his throne, and after this event Macbeth starts to feel guilty and begins to show signs that he is starting to go mad. Later, after Macbeth's friend, Banquo, begins to get suspicious of Macbeth, Macbeth hires three murderers to kill Banquo as well. Now with the blood of two people on his hands, Macbeth is falling farther into the clutches of insanity. One instance where Macbeths insanity begins to be shown is in scene 4 of act 3 (depicted above) where after hearing the news of Banquo’s successful murder finds the ghost of his friend Banquo sitting in his chair though no one else at the feast can see it. To go even further, Macbeths begins to talk with the ghost and says “Thou canst not say I did it. Never shake thy gory locks at me." (3.4.50-51). This shows that because Macbeth feels guilt from the death of Banquo he is starting to go insane which supports the theme, Insanity is the result of a guilt conscience.
RL.4 Analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning Analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on tone.
Better be with the dead, Whom we, to gain our peace, have sent to peace, Than on the torture of the mind to lie in restless ecstasy. (3.2.19-22)
In any good piece of literature, writers use different literary devices to put more feeling or meaning behind the words that they are writing. In the play Macbeth, Shakespeare uses many literary devices that are meant to put more meaning behind the words of his writing than what they are literally saying. For instance, in Act 3 Scene 4, Macbeth is talking to one of his hired murderers that had just killed Banquo but failed to kill Fleance, Banquo’s son. In that conversation, Macbeth says “Thanks for that. There the grown serpent lies” (3.4.28-29). In this phrase, he is not meaning that an actual grown serpent is dead but he is comparing Banquo to a grown serpent because he was the real threat and not Fleance.