On June 28, 1914, I was assassinated in Sarajevo by Serbian nationalist, Gravrilo Princip.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary
This event sparked the beginning of the first world war. On July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
On August 1, 1914, Germany declared war on Russia and declared war on France on August 3. On the 4, Britain declared war on Germany, and on the 13, Japan declared war on Germany. From here, more and more countries declared war on each other.
Declarations of War
By the end of 1914, both the Western and Eastern Fronts had built trenches that stretched on for miles. The Western Front was located in France and the Eastern Front was between Germany and Russia.
On Christmas in 1914, an unofficial ceasefire was called along the Western Front.
The Christmas Truce
The United States Joins the War
On April 6, 1917, I declared war on Germany.
The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations
Germany was blamed for starting the war and had to pay reparations. To ensure future world peace, the Allies formed the League of Nations. However, the United States rejected the treaty and vetoed membership from the League of Nations.
On June 28, 1919, the peace treaty that ended World War 1 was signed by Germany and the Allies including the British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, the French Premier George Clemenceau, and the United States President Woodrow Wilson.