Project for Mrs. Contos' 8th Grade Social Studies Section III.
Outskirts of Concord (Approx) 8:00 A.M.
The British are burning Concord!
Town of Concord
April 19, 1775. In the hills outside of the town of Concord, Massachusetts lay the local militia. Lexington has just been defeated, and the British Army has control of Concord. It has been said that Concord contains a large cache of patriot supplies, which made it a prime target. From the Patriots' vantage point, it appears the British are burning the city.
Town of Concord (Approx) 9:00 A.M.
. . . Patriots at the North Bridge . . . Dispersed our forces . . .
However, unbeknownst to the Patriots, the city of Concord is not burning; the British army has discovered the town's military supplies, of which they are burning.
Trail Leading Out of Concord
The Patriot forces decided to leave the hilltop where they had earlier retreated to and make their way back to Concord. On the way there, they met a British detachment at the North Bridge. At first, neither side was very certain, although after several Patriots were killed an organized skirmish broke out. The Patriots dispersed the British and continued on their way to Concord.
Several of the British soldiers made it back to the main grouping at Concord. The British had reinforcements coming from Boston, though these were behind schedule and were miles away. After waiting for a while, the British at Concord decided to leave without the reinforcements.
We must withdraw; without the reinforcements...
As the British marched out of Concord, they were met with a Patriot ambush. The Patriots' tactics were to find cover behind a tree, and pick off a British soldier, then sneak away to another tree and repeat the process again. This tactic was successful, with 73 British falling, 174 wounded, and 26 missing.
The Battle of Concord, along with the Battle of Lexington would prove to have a negligible long-term effect in a military sense. The British were outraged by the tactics the Patriots employed, but the Patriot victory at Concord proved to be an enormous morale boost to the Americans. (Source: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h655.html)