The US did not always have a stable concept of law. It was Cesar Beccaria who began to devote his life to law. He wrote a book solely based on how law should work. He certainly had a lasting effect on law, and is even considered the Father of modern criminal law as well as criminal justice. He also helped to abolish the death penalty in many states.
He believed that everyone was equal and that people were born good.
He even believed that jail was created to teach people not punish and help better them before they go back in to society. He says the manner in which people act is a choice and that they were born with the basic human qualities to go through with their choices.
He did not speak much about religion/God, but in his book he did briefly show that he believes in God. He states in his book that suicide is not a crime that we people can judge, but only God can
He believed in having an absolute monarchy. His main focus was law and having a punishment help better a person rather than harm them. The government plays a vital role on law and the outcome of people with the justice system.
Since he received education he thinks it is best for someone to study and go to school. He thinks that it takes time and commitment to learn. Education makes a person more successful.