Social Studies 3rd Qrt PT
Updated: 2/18/2021
Social Studies 3rd Qrt PT

Storyboard Text

  • Hi there! I have a question I want to ask, Have you ever been curious about how the Greeks built the sculptures of the Greek Gods?and how the romans built and constructed the Coliseum?
  • I'm sure you've wondered about it a lot, and you might've also been curious about the other Arts and Architecture of both Greece and Rome.
  • Then I will tell you all about the Classical Art and Architecture of both Greece and Rome.
  • Classical art is another word for both Greek & Roman Art
  • The Classical Arts age ended 2500 Years ago
  • The one behind me may not exactly look like the real thing but it is pretty close.
  • One example is The Parthenon, An Iconic Temple dedicated to the Goddess Athena which was made between 447 and 432 BCE.
  • The age of Classical Art started at the 8th Century BCE and Ended at 393 CE, The time period lasted for almost 1200 years and during that Time period, Many Arts and Architectures were made and invented.
  • The first Greeks -Mycenaeans- had a lasting influence on Greek art and architecture, They were a bronze age civilization that extended through modern day southern Greece.
  • Years later The Archaic period began, It lasted from 776 BCE to 480 BCE.
  • Influenced by Egyptian sculpture, the Greeks transformed the frontal poses of pharaohs and other notables into works known as kouros ( Young men ) and Kore ( Young women ).
  • Figurative sculpture was the greatest artistic innovation of the Archaic period as it emphasized realistic, though idealized, figures.
  • The Mycenaeans first developed the acropolis, a fortress or citadel, built on a hill that characterized later Greek cities.
  • After 480 BCE, The Archaic period ended and a new one began, Known as the Golden age, Classical Greece became fundamental both to the later Roman Empire and western civilization, in philosophy, politics, literature, science, art, and architecture.
  • General and populist statesman Pericles launched a project on rebuilding Parthenon (447-432 BCE) In Athens, The project was overseen by his friend, The Sculptor Phidias to establish Athens as the most powerful City-state.
  • The Classical period saw the establishment of western philosophy in the teachings and writings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
  • Despite the splintering of the Empire, great wealth led to royal patronage of the arts, particularly in sculpture, painting, and architecture.
  • Also, Some of the most famous works of Greek art, including the Venus de Milo (130-100 BCE) and the Winged Victory of Samothrace (200-190 BCE) were created in the era.
  • The Death of Alexander the great marked the beginning of the Hellenistic period (321-21 BCE) Having a vast empire caused chaos because of not having named a Successor, His Generals instigated a war for the control of his empire.
  • Their Architecture turned toward urban planning, as cities created complex parks and theaters for leisure. Temples took on colossal proportions, and the architectural style employed the Corinthian order, the most decorative of Classical orders.
  • Now we move on to Rome.
  • In 133 BCE, King Attalus ||| left his kingdom to the romans After he died Though Greek rebellion followed, They were crushed in the following century.