Welcome to WWII! Today we will discuss the lasting effects of the war.
To start off, I'd like to talk about how the war ended.
WW2 ended with the surrender of the Axis Powers. On May 8th, 1945, the Allies accepted Germany's surrender , about a week after Adolf Hitler committed suicide.
Many things changed once World War II was over. Much of Europe and Eastern Asia had been destroyed by the fighting and bombings that had taken place over many years. Also, many country's borders needed to be set and governments re-established where Germany or Japan had taken over
WAR CRIMES: After the war, many leaders from Japan and Germany were brought to trial. They had violated the rules of war according to the Geneva Convention and had also committed crimes against humanity. These crimes included the Holocaust, slave labor, and the terrible treatment and torture of prisoners of war. Many of these leaders were executed for their crimes.
EUROPE: Europe was in much need of financial aid due to all the roads, bridges, buildings and more that had been destroyed in the fighting. The United States offered Aid in the form of the Marshall Plan to help Europe recover.
How the war changed the world: -Though this war resolved problems from World War I and symbolizes the end of the Great Depression, it also led to the Cold war (and thereby division of Korea, Germany, local wars in Vietnam and others) - At the end of the war, millions of refugees were homeless, the European economy had collapsed, and most of the European industrial infrastructure was destroyed. As a result of it, World War II signaled the end of European imperialism.
JAPAN AND EASTERN ASIA: The US and the Allies occupied Japan. They maintained control as Japan recovered from the war. Japan would become an independant nation again in 1952