Durning the 16th century Queen Māyā of Sakya had a prophecy about her child being a religious monk, suddenly had a vision of a white elephant entering her womb.
As a child, Siddhartha lived a very sheltered life. His dad did not let him wander outside the kingdom and sheltered him from all the suffering and misfortunes that occurred.
At the age of 30, Siddharta had enough of being sheltered and decided he wanted to leave his life of luxury and embark on a new path. So he shaved his his head and set out on hid journey.
Throughout many years of suffering, Siddhartha was getting frustrated Until one day he found a tree. Siddhartha decided to quit searching for enlightenment and said either I will find enlightenment here or go hungry. Siddhartha then sat down at this tree and began to meditate, it is said he did not move for 7 weeks.
Finally, after a suffering and avoiding temptation for so long Siddhartha reached enlightenment. After he became enlightened, Siddhartha the changed his name to Buddha or the "Enlightened one" .
After Buddha reached enlightenment, He looked at his past as important lessons and used them during his teachings to help guide others on the path to enlightenment.