Union Civil War advantages, disadvantages, strategy and overall leadership.
A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half-slave and half-free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved - I do not expect the house to fall - but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other.
Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth president of the United States, was a supporter of the anti-slavery movement and leader of the Union during the Civil War. Immediately after his election, South Carolina ceceaded from the Union, soon followed by other southern states, due to his views on slavery expansion. Following the Civil War he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth in 1865.
Ulysses S. Grant provided a strong, offensive strategy for the Union. Though he suffered man casualties, he acheived the surrender of three different confederate armies, including that of Robert E. Lee.
On the field, go go go!
Using the Anaconda plan, the Union was able to "suffocate" the Confederacy using blockades and cutting off their ability to trade with European countries.
The North had a major advantage over the South in population size. For the south, the population was 11 million, with a third of it being enslaved. Due to this, the North was able to raise more troops for their military.
The train/railroad was incredible beneficial to the North. Not only was the railroad useful for transportation, but it helped for major troop deployments and medical needs. They also helped with supply runs and messaging, as they did not need to travel miles on foot/horseback.
The nation's factories were very crucial in the North's war effort. Thanks to the factories, weaponry and ammunition were being produced quickly and being shipped out via railroad to the front lines.