Today we are going to be learning about protein synthesisProtein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to RNA
whats the difference between RNA and DNA
DNA is a double-stranded molecule, while RNA is a single-stranded molecule
What is DNA?
DNA, short for deoxyribonucleic acid, is the molecule that contains the genetic code of organisms. This includes animals, plants, and bacteria. DNA is in each cell in the organism and tells cells what proteins to make.
What is the function of RNA and DNA?
Ribonucleic acid, a nucleic acid present in all living cells. Its principal role is to act as a messenger carrying instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of proteins, although in some viruses RNA rather than DNA carries the genetic information.
What is RNA?
DNA is responsible for storing and transferring genetic information, while RNA directly codes for amino acids and acts as a messenger between DNA and ribosomes to make proteins.
Amino acids, often referred to as the building blocks of proteins, are compounds that play many critical roles in your body. They're needed for vital processes like the building of proteins and synthesis of hormones and neurotransmitters
What is amino acids?
A protein is made from amino acids, these form a strand. When the DNA was transcribed into RNA, one base of DNA corresponded to one base of RNA, this 1 to 1 relation is not used in the translation to protein. During this translation, 1 amino acid is added to the protein strand for every 3 pieces inthe RNA.
How does DNA and RNA work together to make protein?
What does the protein made form RNA and DNA do for your body.
Your body uses protein to build and repair tissues.You also use protein to make enzymes, hormones, and other body chemicals. Protein is an important building block of bones, muscles, cartilage, skin, and blood.