The Schism (multiple popes) had a split within the catholic church. The simony is the buying and selling of church jobs and their problem was that it was the most controversial issues in the medieval church.
The stairs were important because Luther was sent to Rome, where he witnessed the corruption of the roman church.
Diet of Worms
Luther went on to become one of Western history’s most significant figures. The Catholic Church was ever after divided, and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by Luther’s ideas.
Latin: Sola scriptura, Sola fide, Sola gratia, Solus christus, Soli deo gloria.
The goal of diet worms was a holy meeting empire, and Luther publicly burned the papal bull and refused to renounce his propositions. "Here I stand, I can do no other, so help me God. Amen".
Luthers time as junker jorg in wartburg castle as that Luther suffered from the exile "in the empire of outlaws" and complained of various physical ailments. Luther lived incognito at the Wartburg castle and he grew his hair and beard.