I have a test in world history tomorrow. Could you help me study? I remember that before the revolutions, France and Russia had autocracies(absolute monarchies), and the US had an Absentee English Monarchical and Parliamentary Rule.
Then, after the revolutions, France established its First Republic, the US got a democracy, and Russia continued to have an autocracy.
I also remember that both the French and the Russian Revolution started because of bad economy and bad leadership. Russia had bad military leaders too. In Russia, the soviets was a challenge to the government's authority.
Also, both the French and the American Revolution among other things started because of enlightenment ideas and because subjects wanted equality before the law. In the US, the colonists wanted to limit the authority of the state.
Also, all were the middle class against the ruling power with the goal of independence in mind.
Yes, and the revolutions all had different slogans. France had "liberty, equality, fraternity". America had "no taxation without representation" and Russia had "peace, bread, land".
There were different actions and events leading to the revolutions. In France, there were imposed taxes (mostly on the poor), and in May 1789, there was a meeting of the Estates Generals. In 1788, a hail storm damaged grain crops which led to high prices. The Third Estate established the National Assembly, and lastly the storming of the Bastille.
In the US, the actions and events were taxes passed to reduce Britain's war debt, for example the Stamp Act. Also, the Boston Massacre, The Boston Tea Party (1773), The 2nd Continental Congress (1775), the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga and Common Sense (1776).
In Russia, the king gave the serfs freedom, the Revolutionary radicals divided into Social Rev. & Democ., the Russo-Japanese War happened, there were strikes where 1000 petitioners were killed, Negative Influence from Rasputin, and people dying and bad strategies in World War 1.