This is an example of verbal irony because it says, "I drink," he said, "to the buried that repose around us." "And I to your long life." This is telling us and/ or the reader that Fortunato is unknowing that himself will soon be buried with the dead around them.
"A huge human foot d' or, in a field azure; the foot crushes a serpent rampant whose fangs are embedded in the heel."
An example of situational irony is Fortunato. His name implies that he is "fortunate" or "lucky," which is not what happened to him at the end of the story.It says, "I forced the last stone into its position; I plastered it up. Against the new masonry I reerected the old rampart of bone. For the half of a century no mortal has disturbed them." This implies that Fortunato got walled in while down in the catacombs, which isn't very fortunate, despite his name.
"We will go back; you will be ill, and I cannot be responsible. Besides, there is Luchesi-"
This is dramatic irony because Fortunato asks Montresor if he is a mason, which is a member of the Freemasonry order. Montresor responds with that he is a mason. However, he is actually using the meaning of the word to refer to a craftsman who builds with stone and mortar, which will refer to Montresor making Fortunato's "tomb," a stone wall.
He is wearing motley and wearing tight-fitted parti-striped dress, and his head was surrounded by the conical cap and bells.
The foreshadowing is when Montresor and Fortunato discuss Montresor's family crest. The family crest is a serpent being stumbled on a foot, which it has previously bitten. which indicates that the family will strike back at and crush any who insult the family honor. This foreshadows that Montressor will kill Fortunato.
This is foreshadowing that a cough will not kill Fortunato, but Montresor will. When Fortunato replies with "Enough," he said;"the cough is a mere nothing; it will not kill me. I shall not die of a cough." Montresor responds with "True-true," which leads the reader to suspect that Montresor knows how Fortunato will die and how he will die, for Montresor will be the cause of his death.
"Enough, the cough is a mere nothing; it will not kill me. I shall not die of a cough."
Another foreshadowing moment is Fortunato's costume. He is wearing the traditional garb of the fool for the carnival. In the story, it says, "The man wore motley. He had on a tight-fitting parti-striped dress, and his head was surmounted by the conical cap and bells." It is showing that he a jester, a clown. It foreshadows the role he will in the story, which is Montresor's fool, and as he progressively gets more drunk, he becomes sillier and more pathetic, fulfilling the jester role.