Confucius was a Chinese philosopher at the time of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty who lived from 551 to 479 BC. He was born in Lu, a providence on the East coast of China. Today, it is known as Shandong.
In China, Confucius was known as K'ung Fu-Tse or Master Kong.Confucius turned his house into a school where anyone was welcome to learn history, poetry, etiquette, and ethics.He started as a building minister, moving up to a justice minister, to the Chancellor of Lu.
School of the Learned
Today we are learning about the famous Chinese philosopher, Confucius.
The Analects of Confucius
The prince of Lu did not agree with the rules of the government, so he decided not to follow them. This made Confucius very mad, so he resigned as Chancellor of Lu and left on a 13 year hike.
"Do unto others as you would have done to yourself."
All of the subjects of Lu wanted Confucius back as Chancellor of Lu, so he came back and he spent the rest of his life there. Confucius later died due to natural causes. He was lived to be no older than 40 years old.
In China, Confuciansim is referred to as Rujia or School of the Learned. Most of what we know about Confucius and his teachings are seen in notes called Lunyu or the Analects of Confucius.
The heart of Confucuis's teachings were man and humanity. His golden rule was "Do unto others as you would have done to yourself." Confucius had 5 constants that everyone in the empire had to follow to have peace. The 5 constants were humanity, rectitude, tradition, knowledge, and scrupulousness.