Lincoln's plan, the 10% Plan, in which only 10% of the population of white men in the South had to take an oath so their state could be put back in the Union. Johnson planned to let the states make their own state governments with barely any supervision. Congress wanted the majority of a state's white men to pledge an oath to the Union instead of just 10% percent, also called the Wade-Davis Bill.
The Three Plans of Reconstruction
In 1865, after Lincoln's assassination, Johnson takes over, opposing Congress and intent on sparing the South more than most.
Johnson Becomes President - 1865
I'm the president! It's my nation now!
Congress and Johnson had very different ideals. Johnson was prejudiced against people who were black, and when Congress tried to pass two very important bills that would help Freedmen (called the Freedman's Bureau), and the Civil Rights Act, he attempted to veto them. However, Congress passed the bills lawfully on a two-thirds vote.
Our own president tried to veto the bills to help us?
Congress and the Veto Vs. Johnson
After Congress passed a law stating Johnson could not fire someone unless he got congressional approval, Johnson decided to fire someone without congressional approval. He was put on a two-month trail and was found guilty of breaking that law, but was not removed from office, as Congress was only one vote short from doing so.
You are guilty.
In 1876 was the election of Rutherford B Hayes and Samuel Tilden. The rise of the Democratic party had just come to light, and although Tilden got the popular vote, he was one electoral vote away from winning the presidency. The vote went to Congress to decide.
Election of 1876
Vote for me, Rutherford B. Hayes, as Republican president candidate!
Vote for me, Samuel Tilden, as democratic president candidate!
In exchange of the Republicans gaining the presidency for Hayes, the Democrats got the federal troops to leave their states. Because the federal troops moved, the federal government had less power over the citizens, thus leading to the end of reconstruction
Compromise of 1877
All the federal troops are to move out of the South!