(creates laws and consists of Congress and the House of Rep.)
(enforces laws and consists of the president and vice president)
(interpreters the law and consists of the Supreme Court)
Articles of Confederation
The supreme law of the United States is the Constitution and it contains four basic principles. Federalism- the balance of power between state and national government. Popular sovereignty- the governments power resides in the people. Limited government-the government cannot be to powerful. Separation of Powers- one branch of government cannot have to much power.
Deceleration of Independence
Federalist - People who are for the sates uniting under a federal government
The three branches of government (Legislative, Executive, Judicial) separate their power with a system called Checks and Balances. This prevents one branch from having more power than the rest. An example of this would be the executive branch's power to veto bills. Power is also separated between national and state government an example of this would be the State's power to decide the driving age.
Bill of Rights
1st Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. 2nd Right to keep and bear arms in order to maintain a well regulated militia. 3rd No quartering of soldiers. 4th Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. 5th Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy. 6th Right to a speedy and public trial. 7th Right of trial by jury in civil cases. 8th Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments. 9th Certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. 10th Powers reserved to the states.
The Articles of Confederation was drafted between 1781-1789 and its ratification, signing or giving formal consent to a treaty, in 1781. It was the United States first attempt at a Constitution and failed due to its weak national government and inability to tax.
The Deceleration of Independence signed in 1776 marked the thirteen colonies separation from Great Britain. It states that all American citizens have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Anti-Federalist- People who were against a strong federal government.
First ten amendments of the United States Constitution.
Taking place in Philadelphia 1787 delegates gathered to revise the Constitution. With each state wanting something different it led to compromises such as the Great compromise, two house legislature, and the 3/5 compromise, population of slaves counts as 3/5 in the total amount of representatives.