Charlton et al (2000): St. Helena Study
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I want to investigate the effects of television on children's behaviour
The IV is television - before and after its introduction. The DV is - the children's behaviour on the island.
Cameras were placed in rooms & playgrounds to watch children and measure the level of aggression.
Observations of the children's behaviour were made in the school playground, particularly the level of aggression the children displayed.
The researchers collected information on the children, using questionnaires and asking parents and teachers about the behaviour of the children.
What is your son's behaviour like at home?
Little difference was found in children's behaviour before & after the intro of TV. Population of St Helena was tiny, everyone knew everyone, parents have a high level of control over their kids behaviour, the effect of TV was reduced.
The study shows that TV did not have a significant impact on children's behaviour even if violence was watched it was not copied. this was due to the high levels of community control and surveillance and parents control over behaviour.
Strengths: Natural experiment, Discreet cameras reviews so that the children would not see them and act differently.
Weaknesses: parents and teachers may not report all behaviour (make island look bad). Other psychologists reported: the program watched by children was less violent than programmes watched by mainland children
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