As American settlers expanded westward by the 1830s, many Native American still lived in the eastern part of the country. The "Five Civilized Tribes"- the Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw. These tribes had established farming societies with successful economies.
the Indian Territory
president Andrew Jackson, a man of the frontier himself, supported the settlers' demand for Native American land. Jackson had fought the Creek and Seminole peoples in Georgia and Florida. In his Inaugural Address, he stated
the Cherokee Nation
in 1830 president Andrew Jackson pushed the Indian Removal act through congress. The act allowed the federal government to pay Native Americans west. Jackson then sent officials to make treaties with the Native Americans in the southwest. Most Native American leaders felt forced to accept payment for their lands.
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee, however, refused to give up their land. They sued the state of Georgia eventually their case reached _______. Cheif Justice John Marshal ruled that Georgia had no right to interfere with the Cherokee.