We need to appoint Marbury as justice of the peace before your term is over
The Federalist are trying to exploit us. Do not deliver Marbury's commission papers.
President Thomas Jefferson
I demand for a writ of mandamus! Madison must deliver my commission papers
Based on three questions John Marshall decided the refusal to deliver the commission violated Marbury's right to the appointment, was entitled to some remedy under U.S. law, & whether he could apply for a writ.
I declare these acts unconstitutional
Marshall didn't give the Supreme Court permission to decide my case.
Judicial Review: the power of the U.S. Supreme Court to decide whether a law or decision by the legislative or executive branches of federal government, or any court or agency of the state governments is constitutional