Before Adams left office, he had written commissions to fill the empty judges in office. They weren't delivered. It was up to Thomas Jefferson on what to do.
James Madison, please take these and DON'T deliver them.
Okay Mr. President.
William Marbury was NOT happy. Without his comission he couldn't have his job. He sued Jefferson , and it was up to Chief Justice Marshall whether he could or not.
I am taking this to the supreme court and suing Thomas Jefferson!
If the court makes Madison deliever the comissions, the Jefferson Adminastation could ignore it and make the courts look weak.
Chief Justice Marshall was in a dilemma on what he should do.
And if the Court denies the writ, it could look like they are cowards and acted out of fear!
I have decided that Madison should have sent the commissions, but I have no jurisdiction because of the constitutional and I deem this unconstitutional.
The judiciary act that gave the supreme court the power to order a decision exceeded the authority to grant the court under article 111 of the constitution. It was therefore invalid and Marhsall was able to create a situation where the court would be denied.
In the end it showed the Supreme Court has the power to determine whether a law is constitutional or not.