Sixteen Nations were assisted under the Marshall Plan. The primary goal was to rebuild the economies and spirits of western Europe. Europe received 13 billion in aid, that resulted in shipments of food, staples, fuel, and machinery.
The Berlin Airlift
The start of The Arms Race between the United States & Soviet Union was when the Soviet Union successfully tested its first atomic bomb. Both countries worked on developing Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles. Both countries could destroy the other incase of attack. Fear spread throughout the world, people built bomb shelters & underground bunkers.
The Cold War is what started The Red Scare. Joe McCarthy was one of the main crusaders against communism.
The Berlin Wall
Germany was divided into four zones each one controlled by Great Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union blocked access to Berlin because they wanted total control of Berlin, so they blocked all rail & road traffic & cut off electricity.
Germany launched Sputnik 1 in space and it became the start of NASA.
The purpose of The Berlin Wall was to keep "fascists" from entering East Germany and undermining socialist state. The wall was barbed wire & concrete that divided one side of the city from the other.