Updated: 5/19/2020
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  • There were 5 abuses in the Catholic Church.
  • John Calvin: began his reformation in Geneva and founded the Calvinist church.
  • Simony: buying and selling of positions in the Church
  • Pluralism: having more than one parish to take care of
  • Absenteeism: being absent from on parish because you are in another
  • Sale of indulgences: special prayers that would forgive sins and allow you to get to heaven faster
  • Nepotism: giving a job to someone because they are friend or family
  • Martin Luther was born in 1483 in Saxony.
  • The response of the Catholic Church to the spread of Protestantism is called the Counter-Reformation.
  • Later in life he joined the Augustian order and trained to become a priest
  • Luther protested against the sale of indulgences.
  • “The only way to get to heaven is by justification by faith alone”
  • The second reason was influence if the Renaissance.
  • Because of the Reformation there is many consequences such as:
  • The third reason was the invention of the printing press.
  • The fifth reason was the abuses of the Catholic Church. These were very unfair.
  • The first reason was the wealth of the church.
  • Causes of the reformation:
  • The fourth reason was because of the power of kings and princes at the time.
  • Ulrïch Zwingli: preached his views to Switzerland. Believed like Luther.
  • Henry VIII and the Reformation in England: began the Reformation in England.Made himself surpreme head of the Church of England. Closed monasteries. Elizabeth 1 (his daughter) completed the Reformation.
  • There was greater division between Catholics and Protestants.
  • As a result, the Catholic Church remained the most important religion in Europe and authority of the Pope strengthened.
  • The Catholic Church formed a meeting of Bishops, Archbishops and Cardinals in Italy. They ruled on what matters of Faith.
  • Set up school to promote Catholic ideas and became missionaries in different parts of the world.
  • It became famous for the violent way it dealt with heretics(torture)
  • The Spanish Inquisition was a special court set up to deal with heretics( people who offended God) and they said all Protestants were heretics.
  • Pope Paul II made the Jesuits part of the Catholic Church.
  • Divisions in Christianity. Western Europe was mainly Catholic.
  • Churches and architecture. Lutheran Church has no images, organs or crosses, where as the Catholic Church is richly decorated.
  • Education. Protestantism played an important role in spreading education because the church supported education to the poor.
  • Tolerance and intolerance. Catholic’s and Lutherans married one another. However there was many fights between different religions at the time.
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