On 28th June, 1914, the heir to the kingdom of Austria-Hungary- Archduke Franz Ferdinand- arrived in the Bosnian city of Sarajevo. It was his wedding anniversary so he was joined by Sophia, his wife. Bosnia was part of Austria-Hungary, but since 1908 it had been annexed. Many Bosnians were unhappy about this. They wanted to join their neighbours, Serbia and wanted Bosnia to join them. One gang of Serbians, known as the ‘Black Hand Gang’ decided to take drastic action…
Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife arrived at Sarajevo train station at 9:28am. They were driven towards the town hall to meet the Mayor. There were crowds of people along the street and the carriage was driven slowly so that the royals could wave to the people.
A group called the 'Black Hand Gang' were waiting for their arrival as they planned to assassinate the couple: they were angry at them because Sarajevo had been annexed even though it was still a part of Austria-Hungary. One of the gang threw a bomb at the open-topped car but it bounced off and ended up in the car behind them, injuring several people, but not the actual targets.
The royals went to the mayor's speech, but cancelled the rest of their visit, instead deciding that they would visit the people who had been injured by the assassination attempt. The driver, unaware of the route change, made a wrong turn accidentally, and began to turn around.
One of the Black Hand Gang's members, coincidentally, was on the street that the driver mistakenly drove down, and seeing his chance, the gang member fired two shots killing Ferdinand and his wife.