French Revolution Section 3
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On January 21st, Louis XVI was executed by the guillotine. Louis XVI's indictment included 33 charges against him, and 693 deputies voted to kill him -- not a single deputy voted for him to live. Marie Antoinette was executed 8 months later. This was a major victory for the revolutionaries.
After this, Robespierre took most of the control, and the Reign of Terror began. He established the Committee of Public Safety, who would hunt out those against the revolution, put them on trial for treason, then guillotine them.
Eventually, people became angry about Robespierre's bloody reign and executed HIM. After this, there was a void in power.
In this void, the Directory was created, didn't work, and shortly left yet another void. This time, there was a strong leader to fill it -- Napoleon Bonaparte. He was a successful military leader, and his troops adored him. After putting on a Plebiscite that went favorably for him, he was coronated on December 2nd, 1804 as Emperor. He put the crown on his head himself. As Emperor, he enacted many reforms, such as religious freedom, education and freedom of press and speech.
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