The Greeks who are the ancient lived on farms or in a small village. They were spread everywhere Greece, in southern Europe in a small country. Tough mountains that are very hard to cross over and nearly everything is surrounded by blue seas.
People that were in acinect made their living by staying on farms, but the farming wasn't easy in the enormous land. Even some farmers built some flat ground on the hills so it would be easier for the planting. The space for storing of fielding sometimes went to war between the Greeks colony.
As the people of the Greek communities expanded, the current land was no longer to produced the enough food capacity to feed everybody. One of the solutions they came up with was colonies, or like deals in far places the Greek colonists faced many issues. For the solution, the Greeks had taken a long sea journey so they could find a good place for the colony.