700 estimated total casualties Union losses: 260 Confederate losses: 440
April 9, 1865
General Ulysses S. Grant
General Robert E. Lee
You should surrender.
This was the final battle of the Civil War in Virginia. It ended with the South's surrender. Many Confederate soldiers feared that they would be tried for treason after this battle. President Lincoln was shot just five days after this Union Victory.
The Union general at Appomattox was Ulysses S. Grant. Grant was later elected the 18th president of the United States. The Confederate general at Appomattox was Robert E. Lee. Lee had been offered the command of Federal forces by President Lincoln, but declined because he felt more loyalty to his home state of Virginia than to his country.
On April 7, 1865, Grant wrote to Lee suggesting that he surrender. By April 9, Grant had 120,000 soldiers. Lee only had 35,000 soldiers. The Confederates were hungry, tired and discouraged. Lee, not knowing how outnumbered he was, told his men that they would ignore Grant's suggestion and attempt to defend themselves.
What's wrong with you people?! You Confederates used my home as headquarters during Bull Run. I moved 120 miles to get away from this war!
A Union corp and a Union cavalry were closing on the Confederate army. Lee made a final attempt to escape the Union and reach supplies in Lynchburg. The Confederates advanced at dawn, and at first, it looked like they might get away. Then, a Union infantry arrived. The Confederates were surrounded on three sides and were unable to escape.
The battle took place near the Appomattox County Courthouse. The battleground was dense forest and thick shrubs. This terrain caused confusion in the Confederate ranks. They would often become unorganized.
Where did everybody go?
The Battle of the Appomattox Court House is a Union victory. Lee surrendered to Grant in Wilmer McLean's home on April 9, 1865. In return for their surrender, Grant let Lee and his men go home. They were allowed to keep their horses and weren't tried for treason. On April 12, Lee's army disbanded, triggering surrenders across the South. The Civil War ended.