Cattle are brought to Texas by Spanish vaqueros. These cattle interbred with cattle in Texas to create the Longhorn.Men came to Texas looking for jobs and they found some in cattle drives as cowboys.
Cattle had to be branded so that the owners of the cattle could be identified during cattle drives.So before cattle drives longhorn had to be checked for the correct brand and branded if they didn't have one.
During most cattle drives , railroads were used to bring cattle to the end point.However railroads were only constructed for a part of the journey and for the other parts cowboys had to travel on foot.
Cattle were easiest to transport along open range were cowboys could be surrounding the cattle and traveling in the correct direction.However farmers put up fences to protect their land.This resulted in fence cutting.
One of the main dangers during the cattle drive was the harsh rivers.In the attempt of crossing these many longhorns were lost and many cowboys were killed either by the strong currents or by water mocassins.
There were many towns throughout the routes of the cattle drive.Here, cowboys stopped to take rests.Sometimes cowboys would just settle in the town and find a local job.Sometimes their comrades would go look for them and bring them back to the cattle drive.