In “The Raven,” Edgar Allan Poe creates a ghastly mood through his choice of tone, setting, and figurative language.
setting: early-mid 1800s, in December, in a quiet gloomy town at midnight, happens in the narrator's house in his chamber
“Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December, And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor."
The Narrator is and old man who is grievingHe is not reliable, he is somewhat dreary and very distraught. In the text it says, “While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,” which shows that he is not fully conscious of his surroundings at the time of this story
The Ravens quotes “nevermore” multiple times in the poem.
There are many similes in the poem, but one that stands out is "That one word, as if his soul in that one word he did outpour.”
Because Poe had a rough life, his tone is dark and uncanny