How did the growth of the western population and innovations in farming and ranching impact the Plains Indians. How did the Plains Indians resist?
Railroads made it easier for people to move to the west (Transcontinental Railroad 1869)Government gave land grants to RRs
Barbed wire: to prevent animals from trampling crops & wandering offReaper: by speeding up harvesting, the reaper saved crops from inclement weatherSteel plow: made planting more efficient in root-filled soilSteel windmill: in regions of unpredictable rainfall, the windmill prevented crop dehydration by bringing up underground water for irrigation
Signed by Lincoln; opened land for white settlement west of the Mississippi River Offered 160 acres of land free to any citizen who was head of their household
From 1862 to 1900, around 600,000 families took advantage of the deal In 1889 a land giveaway in what is now Oklahoma attracted thousands
Technological advances were invented to make the process easier and encouraged more Americans to make the move west: Establishing a homestead was very challenging work & farming a prairie each year was even more difficult.
Lifestyle of the Plains Indians is threatened. Indian tribes were nomadic because they followed herds of buffalo. It provided meat, skins for tepees, clothing, bones and horns for tools & bowls, buffalo “chips” for fuel-everything that was able to be used, was used by the Native Americans- the buffalo was sacred to them
Buffalo was important to life because they provided: meat for food, hides for shelter & clothing, and bone for tools. Settlers destroy buffalo population from 15 million in 1865 to 600 in 1886