This chapter shows how quickly things can change. It was a good day in the Finch's household when Atticus came home unexpectedly. He excused the ladies at the house and pulled Calpurnia and Aunt Alexandra aside to tell them that Tom Robinson was shot 17 times at the prison house and died. Apparently, he was running laps at the prison when he suddenly burst out into a sprint and tried to escape, and the guards shot him more than needed.
This chapter is a few chapters before the trial of Tom Robinson. Atticus was in the front of the Prisonhouse, and Jem, Scout, and Dill snuck out to go see what he was doing. Suddenly, two cars full of men came saying they were going to lynch Tom Robinson. When Atticus is about to get attacked, Scout jumps out and goes to help him; Jem and Dill rushed after her. This chapter shows that the relationship between Atticus, Scout, Jem, and Dill have grown very strong. This progresses the relationship of the Finch household
These chapters are the Start of the Tom Robinsons trial. These chapters really focus on the effect your racial status has on you. The trial was about a female named Mayella who accused Tom Robinson of raping her. Atticus comes to Tom's defense by saying that Tom couldn't have assaulted her because of his deformed left hand and that the injuries to Mayella were on the right side of her body. Atticus also asks questions like where were the kids when this was happening; wouldn't someone have heard your screams. In the end, everyone tries to stay on Mayella's side showing that race can play a big factor in how you are treated as a citizen in the Maycomb society.