What are you doing here? This bathroom is for whites only. We have been far too lenient already.
I just need to use the bathroom.
You better stay in the back where you belong boy! According to these Jim Crow Laws, it doesn't matter whether you are a freedman or not. Shouldn't you be off sharecropping somewhere?
I'm so sick of all this segregation! Why can't we just integrate and end this whole thing?
Well, I don't care what the 14th Amendment says. You also have to take a literacy test. You will have to read and understand difficult parts of the Constitution.
Sir, you will have to pay a poll tax if you want to vote.
But according to the 14th Amendment, all black men have the right to vote. We have the same rights as white people do.
In this scene, the freedman is not allowed to use the bathroom because he is African American. If black people had to use the bathoom, they either had to use an African American bathroom or go outside. Almost everything was separate, from restaurants to shops. Black people's facilities were usually very run down. White people's facilities were normal and fancy.
When whites and blacks wanted to ride the same bus, blacks had to sit in the back. They sometimes had to pay up front and walk around to the back entrance. The Jim Crow Laws prevented blacks and whites from being together in public. White people sometimes thought that blacks should be off working in fields, when they should have had the same rights as everyone else.
When the 14th Amendment was passed, it enabled black men to vote and have the same rights as white men. But before that, blacks had to take a literacy test and pay a poll tax to vote. A poll tax was a tax blacks had to pay before voting. A literacy test was a test blacks had to take before voting. They had to read and explain difficult parts of the Constitution.