social studies

social studies

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  • The Persian War was a battle between the Persians and the Greeks, mainly the Athenians and Spartans, which lasted roughly 20 years, with a ten year break.  It started when the growing Greeks and the Growing Persians both wanted the land of Ionia.  When the Persians taxed the Ionians, the Greeks helped them revolt.  The Persians wanted revenge on the Greeks.
  • they used a phalanx formation
  • In 490 BC, the battle of Marathon was the first major battle.  When the Persians landed their ships, the Athenians unexpectedly attacked and won.  Pheidippides ran 26 miles back to Athens to deliver the news.  He then died.
  • The Persians were unprepared
  • 300 Spartans were surrounded by 300,000 Persians.
  • At the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC, a traitor told the Persians a way around the pass, and they surrounded the Spartans.  The 300 Spartans all died against the Persians, including King Leonidas. 
  • The Battle of Salamis was a naval battle between the Persians and the Athenians in 479.  The Athenians had faster and smaller boats that could puncture the other boats.  They could also navigate the narrow waterways easier.  The Persians lost, and King Xerxes left on his own after.
  • row row row your boat
  • In 479 BC, a small town called Plataea was the scene of the last battle of the Persian war.  Even though King Xerxes left, the Persian Generals and Soldiers were left behind and they fought until a Greek victory.  This happened right after the Battle of Salamis.
  • You Win!
  • ANd now, we Greeks live in peace with the greatest military and navy.  In Athens, we keep our democracy.  In Sparta, we keep our military.  All of Greece is rebuilding, but we have the Delian league, to rebuild our cities.
  • The Delian League is a group of allied city-states led by Athens.  Other city-states didn't join, such as Sparta.
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