Esperanza Rising similies metaphors and personification.
Esperanza, Mama, Isabel, Juan, Josefina, Miguel, Hortensia, and Alfonso were driving in the truck to Arvin. On the way, Esperanza noticed that it looked like the mountains were pulling apart when they went around a curve. THe mountains weren't pulling apart but it looked like they were. Since the sentance in the book contains the word like, it is a simile.
Papa and Esperanza were listening to the Earth's heartbeat in the beginning of the book. The Earth can't actually have a beating heart, only animals and humans have a beating heart, so this is personification.
Esperanza was sad about Papa dying, so she felt like the shawl was heavier than usual. In the book, she wonders if it's her heart weighing her down. Her heart can't actually make you heavier or weigh you down, therefore, this saying is a metaphor.
“As they rounded the curve, it appeared as if the mountains pulled away from each other,like a curtain opening on a stage, revealing the San Joaquin Valley beyond.” pg.94
"'The whole valley lives and breathes'" - Papa, pg.1
"The Shawl felt heavier than usual. Was it the yarn? Or was it her heat weighing her down?" pg. 24