The Cuban Missile Crisis involved the U.S, Cuba, and the USSR. The Cuban Missile Crisis was an intense military and political standoff. The fight was over the Soviet Union holding missiles in Cuba that were only 90 miles from the America. How did the missiles even end up in Cuba?
How did America respond?
The leader of Cuba named Fidel Castro, became closely tied to the Soviet Union. Cuba started to rely in all the resources the Soviets had for their economic and military needs. The leader of the Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev and Fidel Castro secretly decided to work together after the failed bay of pigs invasion. The agreement was for the Soviet Union to protect Cuba from further U.S military aggression.
How did the USSR respond to JFK?
The agreement reached between the Soviet Union and Cuba lead the Soviet Union to send missiles and other weapons to Cuba. When the U.S discovered what was happening they took no immediate action. The U.S deemed that as long as the weapons were not offensive to its safety, then they would allow it to go on. But when American spy pilots discovered that there were medium and short range missiles aiming at the U.S they decided military and political action was necessary.
President John F. Kennedy responded by writing a letter to Nikita Khrushchev stating that the United States would not allow offensive missiles to be sent to Cuba and he instructed the USSR to get rid of all missile bases and take the weapons back to the Soviet Union. JFK also formed a group referred to as ExCOMM that would give ideas and present solutions for the Cuban Missile Crisis. They came up with many ideas but none of them every were used. Ultimately, he decided to quarantine Cuba with American Navy ships. Finally JFK informed the public on what was going on.
Nikita Khrushchev responded to JFK's letter by proposing a deal. He stated that if American removed their missiles from Turkey, the USSR would do the same in Cuba. John F. Kennedy decided the best thing to do was ignore Nikita Khrushchev's proposal and instead ask that they remove their missiles from Cuba under the supervision of the United Nations. In exchange the U.S will not attack or invade Cuba. The U.S attorney general at the time Robert Kennedy met with Soviet Ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin. The U.S said that they were planning on removing their missiles from Turkey within the next couple months anyway.