Having a stable food supply allowed people to develop new kinds of jobs
Wild plants and animals grew scarce when people stayed in one area for too long.
people discovered that they could plant seeds and harvest crops. Over time, farmers learned which seeds produced the most crops in the areas where they lived.
Early farmers also learned how to domesticate animals, or to raise and use them for people's needs.
The first great change agriculture brought about was the use of permanent shelters.
In many areas, people used mud bricks, packed together, to build houses that were round or rectangular in shape.
These structures, in return, allowed them to form large communities
Living in communities allowed people to organize more efficiently.
Villagers also learned to collaborate to accomplish tasks more quickly. For example, tool makers could share the labor of making stone axes and knife blades. By working together, they could make more tools in the same amount of time.
Clothing makers developed a way to spin and weave. They wove natural fibers such as wool and linen into comfortable cloth.
Focusing on one job at a time gave people the opportunity to improve the ways they worked. In Catal Hoyuk, farmers learned how to grow more than 14 kinds of food plants.
Getting those resources became the job of traders.Traders often traveled hundreds of miles in search of these materials. They crossed mountains on foot, rode donkeys across deserts, and sailed the Mediterranean Sea on ships.
Usually, people trade to get resources they do not have in their own area. As Neolithic people became more skilled in their crafts, they wanted materials that would improve the strength and beauty of the things they made.