During the Constitutional Convention, the delegates also decided to separate the U.S. government into 3 branches. This organization was based on Montesquieu's philosophy of Separation of Powers. The purpose of this system was to divide government responsibilities into distinct branches to limit any one branch from exercising the core functions of another. This is explained in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd articles of the Constitution.
The Three Branches of GovernmentLegislative Branch- passes federal laws, controls federal appropriations, approves treaties and presidential appointments, etc.Executive Branch- enforces laws, commander in chief of armed forces, makes for foreign treaties, proposes laws, etc.Judicial Branch- reviews lower court decisions, decides constitutionality of laws, decides cases involving disputes between states, etc.
Three Branches of Government
Federalists supported the Constitution and a stronger national republic. They stressed the weaknesses of the AOC and produced the Federalist Papers which would later garner support for the Constitution. Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution, wanted strong state governments, and feared a strong national government. They wanted a Bill of Rights to protect citizens against government (later would be added to the Constitution).
I am for the Constitution!
Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists
I am against the Constitution!
The Federalist Papers were a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym "Publius" to promote the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Federalist Papers #10, written by James Madison, defended the form of republican government proposed by the Constitution. It rejects the principles of a direct democracy and factionalism. Click To Edit Insert Link Insert Image Insert Video Help Insert ParagraphUndoes the last commandRedoes the last commandTabUntabSet a bold styleSet a italic styleSet a underline styleSet a strikethrough styleClean a styleSet left alignSet center alignSet right alignSet full alignToggle unordered listToggle ordered listOutdent on current paragraphIndent on current paragraphChange current block's format as a paragraph(P tag)Change current block's format as H1Change current block's format as H2Change current block's format as H3Change current block's format as H4Change current block's format as H5Change current block's format as H6Insert horizontal ruleShow Link Dialog Summernote 0.8.11 · Project · Issues
Federalist Papers #10"Liberty is to faction, what air is to fire, an ailment without which it instantly expires. But it could not be a less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction..."
In response to the Anti-Federalists demands, the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution (ratified in 1791) and guaranteed rights to protect citizens from the federal government.
Bill of Rights
Bill of Rights1. Freedom of religion, press, speech, etc.2. Right to bear arms3. Limits quartering of soldiers4. Search and seizure of property5. Rights of a criminal defendant at trial, no self-incrimination6. Tight to a speedy trial by jury and 7. Trial by jury in civil cases8. Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment9. People have other rights, even if they are not listed in the BOR10. The federal government's powers are limited to those listed in the Constitution