Stephen Douglas was a senator who supported the compromise and helped it get approved. Even though he was the one who supported the compromise and led it to victory, he was also the one who continuously brought up the issue.
Hi! My name is Stephen Douglas!
Northerners thought that this act would turn states into slave states and they did not want to betray the Missouri Compromise, but about 90% of the South voted for this act to be passed. This bill became a law in the May of 1854.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was introduced to Congress as a bill in the January of 1854. If the act was passed, it would repeal the Missouri Compromise and establish popular sovereignty.
What about the Missouri Compromise?
People who supported antislavery made a town named Lawrence. Proslavery supporters complained to a sheriff and the people of antislavery were attacked by a group of 800 soldiers. Headquarters and many buildings were destroyed. This event came to be known as "The Sack of Lawrence."
People from the North and South poured into the Kansas Territory. After, Kansas had enough people to hold and election for territorial legislature. People from Missouri crossed into the territory and voted illegally, leading to the proslavery side to win. Proslavery acts were soon established due to the new government.
We want land!
We want land!
John Brown wanted to get revenge on the attack in Lawrence, so he decided to kill people in their sleep. 5 proslavery supporters were killed by Brown and his men in their sleep by getting their hands cut off, as well as being stabbed with broadswords. Brown's actions became known as the "Pottawatomie Massacre."
You like slavery huh? You must die!
After the Pottawatomie Massacre, more incidents began to take place. This led to 200 total killings. John Brown escaped but left men and women who owned rifles. The Kansas Territory was named, Bleeding Kansas, since it was a violent field of war.
Good luck without me!
Time to go! Bye!
Southerners agreed with Brooks' actions and showered him with new canes including ones which said, "Hit him again!" Northerners on the other hand took this action as brutality and abuse. In the end, the Kansas-Nebraska Act failed to satisfy either side and tension between the North and South resulted political parties to emerge.
The senator of Massachusetts, Charles Sumner, delivered a speech which targeted his colleagues for supporting slavery. According to Preston Brooks, he targeted his relative, Mr. Butler, so he hit Sumner with his cane until it broke. This left Sumner with a shock and brain damage. This attack led Sumner not to return to his senate seat for three years.
I will hit you with my cane for saying such stuff to Mr. Butler!