The Fugitive Slave Act was a law passed by Congress, that sated that runaway slaves were to be captured and returned back to their owners, and punished even if they were in a free state.
Y'all don't deserve to be free
Please don't hurt us, were all citizens here
During the Civil War Abraham announced the Emancipation Proclamation. This freed slaves in rebel states, but not all slaves. This also allowed black men to serve in the Union/Army.
No Black vote allowed here
Once the Civil War was over Reconstruction began. The 13th amendment was passed which abolished slavery once and for all. Along with the 14th and 15th amendment which granted citizenship to anyone born in the U.S, and allowed black men the right to vote.
Im drowning in debt doing this
A terrorist group called the Ku Klux Klan had emerged. They attacked The Republican Party who were white men who helped blacks. They also terrorized and killed blacks because they wanted the white race to remain superior. Grant then passed the Enforcement Act which enforced penalties on terrorist groups, trying to protect blacks. This suppress the KKK for almost 50 years
Blacks were not treated equally even though they were free. The 14th amendment clearly stated that black men had the right to vote. Yet white men allowed other white men to vote and not blacks. They felt like their rights were not being protected, and they were trying to be taken out of politics.
Sharecropping was the way most black families lived. They would rent plots of land from landowners, they were given crops and tools. In return the landowners would gain a part of the family's crop for the year and their labor. This became another version of slavery, families had a lot of debt because they owed more than they owed. This kept them constantly working