The cause of the persian war was the unrest of Ionian Greeks. They fled Greece during the dark ages, and were later conquered by the Persians. They later revolted against them with help from AThens in 499 BC. The revolt was crushed, but the king, Darius, was furious that Greeks helped. In 491 BC, the first Persian war began.
ARGH! I will crush them!
Must warn them!
The Battle of Marathon in 490 BC. In it, the Persians were defeated , but made a run for Athens. Luckily, a runner warned the Athenians and they defended their home. The runner Pheidippides died after he warned the athenians. He ran 25 miles.
Ten years after the first Persian war, Darius's son Xerxes decides to make war with the greeks. The persians move for athens. Luckily, the spartans sacrificed themselves for Greece. The spartan forces at Thermopylae were crushed in three days. They did slow down the Persians, which allowed the Athenians to have the battle of Salamis. The sacrifice of King Leonidas was great.
The aftermath was not unhappy either. Athens created the delian league and gained many riches. Those riches brought Athens into their golden age. Sparta otherwise was recuperating and was second best. Uneasiness between them led to the Peloponnesian war.Thus ends the Persian Wars.
The battle of Salamis. This pitted the Athenian ships versus the persian ships. The Athenian ships were small and sleek, while Persia had large and slow troop carriers. The persians were lured into a straight, where King Xerxes saw his fleet destroyed.
The final battle of the war was Plateau, where it was persia against all of Greece . All of the city states had come to defend their home. The greeks won, and Persia never invaded again.